如何选择好的面料

2019-01-26 09:48:30 豫龙纺织
涤棉交织布                                                                                                                                                                                                           面料主要分为三类:棉,涤棉,化纤,(全棉的价格高)。涤棉为涤纶和棉的混纺物,化纤为石油提取的如:涤纶,腈纶,氨纶,维纶等。
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       面料的织法:针织面料,梭织面料,无纺布面料。
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                针织面料是由一根线织成的,梭织面料是有纹路的,有平纹,斜纹(左斜,右斜,破斜),锻纹(直贡,色丁布)纱卡属于斜纹的一种。
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  面料是有短纤和长丝织成的,短纤:长度在几毫米或几十毫米的纤维,如棉、毛、麻等天然纤维,也可以是由长丝切断后制成,短纤必须经纺纱工序,使纤维加捻报合后才能形成连续的纱线用于织造,短纤织物表面有毛羽,丰满蓬松,常用于秋冬织物。短纤前数值越大,纱线越细。长丝:是指连续的纤维,如蚕丝及化纤制丝时喷出的连续丝束,通常用几十根或数十根单根长丝并和在一起,织物表面光滑,光泽较强,常用于夏季面料。长丝前数值越大,纱线越粗。一般阻燃面料用短纤做,荧光面料用长丝做。